RO is very effective in reducing a range of home water contaminants. This is possible because the reverse osmosis membrane is comprised of microscopic pores which allow the pressurized water molecules, among the smallest molecules known to man, to pass through contaminants, and even dissolved ions are left behind. Additionally, RO systems always include a sediment pre-filter that traps fine suspended materials that permanently clog the membrane. Most RO systems also include a carbon pre-filter to remove chlorine, along with other contaminants that may damage RO membranes and affect that taste, color, and odor of the water.
Reverse osmosis is a low-energy process, useful for substantially reducing the complete dissolved mineral content of water. the process is practical in sizes ranging from a few gallons to million of gallons per day.
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